Dr. Francesco Stipo (2007)

The Reform of the Budget and the Administration of the U.N.

The Balanced Contribution Theory and the Introduction of an Income-Based Contribution System to the International Organizations

The creation of the United Nations was characterized by an error at its source: every nation has been given one vote in the General Assembly.

Analysis of the Alternative Systems of Representation to the International Organizations

There is a necessity to create a voting system based on objective criterias, which has the ability to evolve with time allowing the international organizations to function efficiently without being influenced by historical changes.
Because population is unequally distributed in our planet, if a one vote-one citizen system was adopted by the United Nations, only two nations, China and India, would be able to control over one third of the Assembly, confining nations like the United Kingdom and Australia to a marginal role.
Discarding the one vote-one person system, the search for a system of fair representation shifts to the economic criteria, more adequate to the modern capitalist society which marks the current era. The system that most reflects the political-economic balances of nations is based on each country's productivity. Applying such criteria, the United States, which are in practice the only super power in the world, would have a voting power in the United Nations proportional to their international political weight.

The Impact of International Contributions on States' Budget

The amount of contributions is not proportional to the personal income and the tax revenue of Member-States.
The book empirically proves that international contributions have increased more than Member States' tax revenues; therefore governments are forced to increase taxes on their citizens to cover international contribution increases.
The imbalance of international contribution expenditure and national revenue of Member States cause a loss in the budget that induces the governments to raise taxes.

The Balanced Contribution Theory

The Balanced Cotnribution Theory demonstrates that if Member States' contributions to international organizations are proportional to the States' national income, an increase in contributions does not provoke an imbalances in the States' budgets and therefore does not cause an increae in national taxes.

The Introduction of a Income-Based Contribution System to the International Organizations

The adoption of a income-based contribution system as a voting criteria to the international organization would allow a voting system proportional to the contribution ability of Member States.
The System is based on two main pillars:
1) The Member State voting power is proportional to the level of its contributions to the international organization;
2) States' contributions are assessed by using the State's national income as a parameter.

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How to cite this site:
Stipo, Francesco "The Reform of the Budget and the Administration of the United Nations. The Balanced Contribution Theory and the Introduction of an Income-Based Contribution System to the International Organizations" April 10, 2007. http://www.worldfederalistmanifesto.com/balancedcontribution.html (April 21, 2007).
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Copyright © 2007 - Francesco Stipo
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ISBN: 978-0-9794679-0-5