Dr. Francesco Stipo (2007)
The Reform of the Budget and the Administration of the U.N.
The Balanced Contribution Theory and the Introduction of an Income-Based
Contribution System to the International Organizations
The creation of the United Nations
was characterized by an error at its source: every nation has been given
one vote in the General Assembly.
Analysis of the Alternative Systems of
Representation to the International Organizations
There is a necessity to create a voting system based on objective
criterias, which has the ability to evolve with time allowing the international
organizations to function efficiently without being influenced by historical
Because population is unequally distributed in our planet, if a one vote-one
citizen system was adopted by the United Nations, only two nations, China
and India, would be able to control over one third of the Assembly, confining
nations like the United Kingdom and Australia to a marginal role.
Discarding the one vote-one person system, the search for a system of fair
representation shifts to the economic criteria, more adequate to the modern
capitalist society which marks the current era. The system that most reflects
the political-economic balances of nations is based on each country's productivity.
Applying such criteria, the United States, which are in practice the only
super power in the world, would have a voting power in the United Nations
proportional to their international political weight.
The Impact of International Contributions
on States' Budget
The amount of contributions is not proportional
to the personal income and the tax revenue of Member-States.
The book empirically proves that international contributions have increased
more than Member States' tax revenues; therefore governments are forced
to increase taxes on their citizens to cover international contribution
The imbalance of international contribution expenditure and national revenue
of Member States cause a loss in the budget that induces the governments
to raise taxes.
The Balanced Contribution Theory
The Balanced Cotnribution Theory demonstrates
that if Member States' contributions to international organizations are
proportional to the States' national income, an increase in contributions
does not provoke an imbalances in the States' budgets and therefore does
not cause an increae in national taxes.
The Introduction of a Income-Based Contribution
System to the International Organizations
The adoption of a income-based contribution
system as a voting criteria to the international organization would allow
a voting system proportional to the contribution ability of Member States.
The System is based on two main pillars:
1) The Member State voting power is proportional to the level of its contributions
to the international organization;
2) States' contributions are assessed by using the State's national income
as a parameter.
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How to cite this site:
Stipo, Francesco "The Reform of the Budget and the Administration
of the United Nations. The Balanced Contribution Theory and the Introduction
of an Income-Based Contribution System to the International Organizations"
April 10, 2007. http://www.worldfederalistmanifesto.com/balancedcontribution.html
(April 21, 2007).
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Copyright © 2007 - Francesco Stipo
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may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without the author's